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EPA and PEMEX Announce Collaboration to Reduce Methane Emissions

EPA Air - Mon, 11/14/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON —The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and PEMEX recently announced a significant collaboration to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, specifically methane, that will advance the ambitious global methane reduction goals of the Global Methane Pledge.   

With this new collaboration, EPA and PEMEX will work through diagnostic and economic analyses to support decision making to reduce methane emissions in the near term across its onshore oil and natural gas operations. These actions will support the priorities of PEMEX to deploy readily available methane reduction technologies and practices. Implementing these studies and measures will reduce potent greenhouse gas emissions to achieve near-term climate benefits, significantly improve air quality and public health, conserve natural gas that would otherwise be wasted, improve operational efficiency, and reduce operation and maintenance costs.

Through this cooperation EPA and PEMEX will work together to:

  • Identify major methane emissions sources across PEMEX’s operations, including specific hotspot sites, infrastructure and equipment sources, and operational sources of methane.
  • Recommend mitigation options to mitigate these sources, including flare capture and flare efficiency opportunities, equipment replacement and operational changes to eliminate routine venting, and regular leak detection and repair.

With EPA technical support, by the first half of 2023, PEMEX will develop and release a plan for implementing these mitigation activities, beginning with PEMEX’s onshore oil and gas operations, including measures to reduce routine flaring and venting and fugitive methane emissions. This will advance Mexico’s goals to reduce methane emissions in line with its commitment to the Global Methane Pledge and Global Methane Pledge Energy Pathway, as well as the Global Gas Flaring and Reduction Partnership and the Zero Routine Flaring Initiative.

Biden-Harris Administration Strengthens Proposal to Cut Methane Pollution to Protect Communities, Combat Climate Change, and Bolster American Innovation

EPA Air - Fri, 11/11/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON (Nov. 11, 2022) – Today at COP27 in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced it is strengthening its proposed standards to cut methane and other harmful air pollution. If finalized, these critical, commonsense standards will protect workers and communities, maintain and create high-quality, union-friendly jobs, and promote U.S. innovation and manufacturing of critical new technologies, all while delivering significant economic benefits through increased recovery of wasted gas.


The updates, which supplement proposed standards EPA released in November 2021, reflect input and feedback from a broad range of stakeholders and nearly half a million public comments. The updates would provide more comprehensive requirements to reduce climate and health-harming air pollution, including from hundreds of thousands of existing oil and gas sources nationwide. It would promote the use of innovative methane detection technologies and other cutting-edge solutions, many of which are being developed and deployed by small businesses providing good-paying jobs across the United States.

The new proposal also includes a ground-breaking “Super-Emitter Response Program” that would require operators to respond to credible third-party reports of high-volume methane leaks. The agency estimates that in 2030, the proposal would reduce methane from covered sources by 87 percent below 2005 levels.


“The United States is once again a global leader in confronting the climate crisis, and we must lead by example when it comes to tackling methane pollution – one of the biggest drivers of climate change. We’re listening to public feedback and strengthening our proposed oil and gas industry standards, which will enable innovative new technology to flourish while protecting people and the planet,” said EPA Administrator Michael S. Regan. “Our stronger standards will work hand in hand with the historic level of resources from the Inflation Reduction Act to protect our most vulnerable communities and to put us on a path to achieve President Biden’s ambitious climate goals.”

Oil and natural gas operations are the nation’s largest industrial source of methane. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas that traps about 80 times as much heat as carbon dioxide, on average, over the first 20 years after it reaches the atmosphere and is responsible for approximately one third of the warming from greenhouse gases occurring today. Sharp cuts in methane emissions are among the most critical actions the U.S. can take in the short term to slow the rate of climate change. Oil and natural gas operations are also significant sources of other health-harming air pollutants, including smog-forming volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and toxic air pollutants such as benzene.

The Clean Air Act standards in the supplemental proposal will complement President Biden’s Inflation Reduction Act, which provides resources for financial and technical assistance and a waste emissions charge for applicable oil and gas facilities that exceed statutorily specified waste emissions thresholds. The Inflation Reduction Act incentivizes early implementation of innovative methane reduction technologies and supports methane mitigation and monitoring activities, allowing the United States to achieve greater methane emissions reductions more quickly.

Taking into account both the supplemental proposal and other measures in the November 2021 proposal, EPA projects that the proposed standards would reduce an estimated 36 million tons of methane emissions from 2023 to 2035, the equivalent of 810 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. That’s nearly the same as all greenhouse gases emitted from coal-fired electricity generation in the U.S. in 2020. EPA’s estimates also show the updated proposal would reduce VOC emissions by 9.7 million tons from 2023 to 2035, and air toxics emissions, including chemicals such as benzene and toluene, by 390,000 tons. These projections reflect new analysis of the costs and benefits of the proposed standards, which incorporates an improved modeling approach as well as updated estimates of the number of facilities covered by the supplemental proposal and the amount of methane and VOCs they emit.

The supplemental proposal reflects public input on the November proposal and new information and analyses, which helped the EPA determine comprehensive and cost-effective approaches to reduce pollution from oil and natural gas facilities. Key features of the supplemental proposal would:

  • Ensure that all well sites are routinely monitored for leaks at less cost, and until they are closed properly;
  • Provide industry flexibility to use innovative and cost-effective methane detection technologies, and a streamlined process for approving new detection methods as they become available;
  • Leverage data from remote sensing technology to quickly identify and fix large methane leaks;
  • Require that flares are properly operated to reduce emissions, and revise requirements for associated gas flaring;
  • Establish emission standards for dry seal compressors, which are currently unregulated;
  • Set a zero-emissions standard for pneumatic controllers and pneumatic pumps at affected facilities in all segments of the industry.
  • Increase recovery of natural gas that otherwise would go to waste – enough gas from 2023 to 2035 to heat an estimated 3.5 million homes for the winter.

Proposal includes super-emitter response program

The supplemental proposal would also establish a super-emitter response program that would leverage data from regulatory agencies or approved third parties with expertise in remote methane detection technology to quickly identify these large-scale emissions for prompt control. Studies show that large leaks from a small number of sources are responsible for as much as half of the methane emissions from the oil and natural gas industry, along with significant amounts of smog-forming VOCs. While many requirements of EPA’s combined proposals would reduce common sources of super emitters, EPA is proposing the response program to address super emitters’ significant pollution and impact on communities where they are located. To ensure that the super-emitter response program operates transparently, notices sent to oil and natural gas owners and operators, along with their response and any corrective actions, would be available on a website for easy access.

In addition to making EPA’s proposal more comprehensive, the supplemental proposal includes requirements for states to develop plans to limit methane emissions from hundreds of thousands of existing sources nationwide. EPA is proposing to require states to submit those plans within 18 months after the final rule is issued, and to establish compliance deadlines for existing sources that are no later than three years after the submission deadline. The supplemental proposal includes requirements for considering the communities most affected by and vulnerable to oil and gas emissions, along with a demonstration of meaningful community engagement as states develop their plans.

EPA estimates that the supplemental proposal will yield total net climate benefits valued at $34 to 36 billion from 2023 to 2035 (the equivalent of about $3.1 to $3.2 billion per year), after taking into account the costs of compliance and savings from recovered natural gas. The climate benefits are estimated using the social cost of greenhouse gases, a metric that represents the monetary value of avoided climate damages associated with a decrease in emissions of a greenhouse gas. While EPA’s estimates are based on the interim social cost of greenhouse gases recommended by an interagency working group in February 2021, EPA also is including a separate analysis that is based on updated social cost of greenhouse gases estimates that address recommendations of the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. The additional analysis and accompanying EPA draft technical report will be available in the rulemaking docket for public comment. EPA is also seeking peer review of the report.

EPA will take comment on the supplemental proposal until February 13, 2023. The agency will host virtual trainings to provide communities, Tribes and small businesses information about the supplemental proposal and about participating in the public comment process. Those trainings will be November 17 and 30, 2022 and registration information is available on EPA’s website. EPA will hold a virtual public hearing January 10 and 11, 2023. Registration for the public hearing will open after the supplemental proposal is published in the Federal Register. EPA intends to issue a final rule in 2023.

See more information on today’s proposed rule.

EPA Penalizes Ampac Fine Chemicals, Resolving Claims of Hazardous Waste Law Violations

EPA Air - Thu, 11/10/2022 - 19:00

SAN FRANCISCO – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a settlement with Ampac Fine Chemicals, LLC to resolve violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and related state laws at its pharmaceutical manufacturing facility in Rancho Cordova, California. EPA determined that Ampac failed to comply with legal requirements that govern hazardous waste management and will pay a fine of $69,879.

In February 2020 EPA performed an inspection of the Rancho Cordova facility, which manufactures pharmaceutical ingredients and generates large quantities of hazardous waste. EPA determined that Ampac did not: perform required calibration testing; mark equipment subject to air emission standards for equipment leaks; develop a monitoring plan for valves that are difficult or unsafe to monitor; separate incompatible hazardous waste during accumulation; have a qualified professional engineer assess the integrity of an existing tank; list emergency equipment capabilities in a contingency plan; and properly label hazardous waste containers.

“Failure to properly manage hazardous waste and air emissions can pose a serious health risk to nearby communities, ” said EPA Pacific Southwest Regional Administrator Martha Guzman. “This settlement will help protect workers, the community, and the environment in Rancho Cordova.”

For more information on inspections, visit EPA’s How We Monitor Compliance webpage.

For more information on the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, visit EPA’s Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Laws and Regulations webpage.

For more information on hazardous waste, visit EPA’s Learn the Basics of Hazardous Waste webpage.

Learn more about EPA’s Pacific Southwest Region. Connect with us on Facebook and on Twitter.

EPA Requests Public Comment on Proposed Cleanup at the Pierson's Creek Superfund Site in Newark, New Jersey

EPA Air - Thu, 11/10/2022 - 19:00

NEW YORK – Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is requesting public comments on a plan to remove mercury-contaminated soil from land at the Pierson’s Creek Superfund Site in Newark, NJ. EPA will accept comments until December 12, 2022. Under the plan for which EPA is requesting comments, the property owner will remove about 7,500 cubic yards of contaminated soil from the Superfund site. EPA will oversee the work and be reimbursed for the cost of the oversight. This proposed removal is part of a larger effort by EPA to clean up the Pierson's Creek Superfund site in full.

“We look forward to input from the public on this proposed work to remove mercury-contaminated soil,” said Regional Administrator Lisa F. Garcia. “This cleanup will further EPA’s commitment to reducing hazardous waste and environmental impacts in Newark.”

The company, 429 Delancy Associates LLC, owns a portion of the Pierson's Creek Superfund site. A settlement agreement between EPA and the company required an Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis (EE/CA) report that evaluated several options for cleaning up the contaminated soil. One of the options in the EE/CA evaluated the removal of 7,500 cubic yards of mercury-contaminated soil to restore the property. 429 Delancy Associates LLC will perform the cleanup and reimburse EPA in full for costs incurred in overseeing this work. EPA is inviting the public to review and comment on the EE/CA report and the proposed cleanup.

The Pierson's Creek Superfund Site consists of the 1.5-mile creek and various unnamed tributaries which discharge to Newark Bay and various plots of land, which total over 6 acres, in an industrial area of Newark, New Jersey.

The public can visit the Pierson’s Creek Superfund Site profile page for additional background and to review the Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis document.

EPA will review and respond to comments and document its final cleanup decision before proceeding with the cleanup.

EPA will accept comments until December 12, 2022. Comments should be addressed to Pamela Tames, P.E., Remedial Project Manager, at tames.pam@epa.gov or via U.S. mail: Pamela Tames, P.E., EPA, 290 Broadway, 19th Floor, New York, NY 10007.

Follow EPA Region 2 on Twitter and visit our Facebook page. For more information about EPA Region 2, visit our website.

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EPA Clean Air Act Settlements Address Illegal Tampering with Diesel Truck Emission Controls, Making Way for Cleaner Air in New England

EPA Air - Thu, 11/10/2022 - 19:00

BOSTON (Nov. 10, 2022) – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has reached settlements with two New England companies engaged in the sales or installation of devices that tamper with emission controls on diesel vehicles.

The first settlement, with Diesel Fuel Systems, Inc. of Bangor, Maine, resolved EPA's allegations that the company sold and installed aftermarket parts, known as "defeat devices," from 2019 to 2021 in violation of the federal Clean Air Act. Under the terms of the settlement, Diesel Fuel Systems agreed to pay a penalty of $100,000, certified to EPA that it will destroy all tampered equipment, and has ceased the sale and installation of such defeat devices.

EPA also entered into an Expedited Settlement Agreement with 21 Motorsports, an online retailer based in Clinton, Mass., resolving allegations it sold 11 aftermarket emissions tampering devices. The company agreed to pay a penalty of $5,697, under a pilot program for addressing smaller-scale vehicle tampering violations, and certified that it has ceased the sale of defeat devices.

"EPA is committed to ensuring that we all have access to clean air, and the actions of these two companies has undermined that goal, resulting in more air pollution in our communities. Emission control systems on vehicles reduce pollution, meaning we all get cleaner, healthier air to breathe," said EPA New England Regional Administrator David W. Cash. "This action sends a clear message that tampering with emission controls on vehicles will not be tolerated. It is critical that vehicle repair facilities and truck owners comply with the Clean Air Act, especially in communities that have historically been overburdened by pollution."

Tampering with a vehicle's emissions control system is illegal under the Clean Air Act (CAA) and results in excess emissions of a variety of pollutants, including nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. The CAA prohibits manufacturing, selling, offering for sale, and installing aftermarket devices that disable, bypass, or reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems.

As a result of EPA's regulations, cars and trucks manufactured today emit far less pollution than older vehicles. To meet EPA's emission standards, engine manufacturers have carefully calibrated their engines and installed sophisticated emissions control systems. EPA testing has shown that aftermarket defeat devices can increase vehicle emissions substantially, which can contribute to a variety of public health problems typically associated with exposure to air pollution. These health effects can include premature death in people with heart or lung disease, heart attacks, an irregular heartbeat, aggravated asthma, decreased lung function, and respiratory symptoms such as irritation of the airways, coughing, or difficulty breathing.

Because vehicles that have been tampered with contribute excess dirty emissions to communities located adjacent to highways and freight facilities, EPA New England regards tampering as a key issue in advancing environmental justice.

More information

These enforcement actions are part of EPA's National Compliance Initiative for Stopping Aftermarket Defeat Devices for Vehicles and Engines.

For additional information about tampering and aftermarket defeat devices you can visit the Clean Air Northeast's website.

EPA Responds to Petitions to Address Harmful Emissions from Locomotives

EPA Air - Wed, 11/09/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON — Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced it is responding to petitions from the California Air Resources Board, the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District, and the California Air Pollution Control Officers Association to address harmful nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions from locomotives. As part of EPA’s response to these petitions, the Agency is taking immediate steps to develop options and recommendations to address pollution from new locomotives as well as those already operating in communities nationwide.

“Locomotives remain a significant source of emissions, often disproportionately impacting the health of communities that are located near railyards and ports,” said Joseph Goffman, Principal Deputy Assistant Administrator for EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation. “EPA’s response reflects a commitment to deliver significant and needed public health benefits for underserved communities across the country that are overburdened by higher levels of diesel exhaust.”

“I’m proud to help lead the charge in California to defend our nationally leading clean air protections and reduce vehicle emissions,” Senator Alex Padilla said. “But EPA must also do their part by regulating emissions from locomotives nationwide. That’s why I’m grateful to EPA for heeding my calls and those from California’s air pollution agencies. Workers and neighborhoods near ports and industrial rail yards have been subject to increased air pollution from locomotives for decades, facing higher instances of respiratory illnesses and premature death. Thanks to the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, the time to make a generational investment in transitioning to cleaner locomotives is now.”

Additionally, EPA plans to propose revisions to existing locomotive preemption regulations to ensure they don’t inappropriately limit California’s and other states’ authorities under the Clean Air Act to address their air quality issues.

Further, EPA has formed a rail study team to evaluate how best to address air pollutant emissions from the locomotive sector.

In the coming months, this team will collect information and evaluate the following: 

  • a range of technologies that may be available to further reduce locomotive emissions;
  • policy options to accelerate locomotive fleet turnover to newer, cleaner technology;
  • policy options to ensure that remanufactured locomotives are as clean as possible; 
  • engagement with partners, such as state, non-governmental organizations, environmental justice organizations, and industry stakeholders, to gather input as needed to inform the required evaluations.

Additionally, the passing of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) provides an enormous opportunity in the locomotive space. This funding accelerates the transition to a zero emissions future by providing funding opportunities in so many subsectors of transportation. EPA will explore opportunities to leverage these historic resources moving forward.

Diesel emissions contribute to concentrations of ozone and PM2.5 and their resulting health effects, which include premature death, respiratory illness (including childhood asthma), and cardiovascular problems. Diesel emission reductions from locomotives would improve health and air quality for communities across the country, including those already overburdened by pollution from freight transportation.

Learn more and view EPA’s official petition response.

City of Elyria, Ohio Agrees to Federal/State Plan to Eliminate Sewage Discharges into the Black River

EPA Air - Wed, 11/09/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON – The city of Elyria, Ohio, has entered into a consent decree with the United States and the State of Ohio to complete a series of capital projects designed to eliminate discharges of untreated sewage from its sewer system into the Black River, 10 miles upstream from Lake Erie.

The construction projects that Elyria has designed and agreed to implement will significantly increase the amount of wastewater that receives treatment and prevent overflows from sanitary and combined sewer outfalls when the system becomes overloaded. When completed, the Black River’s water quality, around which the City of Elyria is situated, will be greatly improved. Elyria is expected to spend nearly $250 million to improve its sewer system. It will also pay a civil penalty of $100,000 to the United States and pay $100,000 to Ohio’s Surface Water Improvement Fund.

The consent decree would resolve the violations alleged in the underlying complaint filed by the United States and the state of Ohio. The complaint alleges that Elyria’s sanitary sewers overflowed on more than 1,100 occasions since 2011, resulting in discharges of untreated sewage into the Black River or a tributary to the river. The complaint also alleges that Elyria failed to comply with a previous court order to stop these illegal discharges.

“The City of Elyria’s infrastructure investment will not only reduce untreated sewage from entering the Black River, but also improve water quality for residents,” said Acting Assistant Administrator Larry Starfield of the EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. “EPA and the State of Ohio worked with the City of Elyria to develop a comprehensive solution to protect water quality.”

“The Clean Water Act requires adequate infrastructure to limit discharges of untreated sewage,” said Assistant Attorney General Todd Kim for the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division. “These settlements require meaningful investments that will improve the health of the Black River and Lake Erie.”

Under the proposed consent decree, Elyria will construct various projects within its sewer system to be completed by Dec. 31, 2044. The most environmentally-significant of these projects will be completed within the first 15 years. This includes completion of the city’s East Side Relief Sewer, increasing capacity at Elyria’s wastewater treatment plant, and adding processes to mitigate the harm from any bypasses around the wastewater treatment plant, and twelve other projects that will control waste overflows or the flow of non-wastewater into the sewer system. Elyria will submit semi-annual progress reports to the United States and the State until all work has been completed.

The proposed agreements are subject to a 30-day public comment period and final court approval after publication in the Federal Register.

More information about this settlement can be found at The Elyria, Ohio Clean Water Act Settlement Information Sheet | US EPA.

The consent decree, lodged in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, is subject to a 30-day public comment period and final court approval. The consent decree will be available for viewing on the Justice Department website.

Oklahoma City Used Oil Recyclers Pay Nearly $2 Million for Processing, Transportation, and Storage Violations

EPA Air - Wed, 11/09/2022 - 19:00

DALLAS, TEXAS (November 9, 2022)- January Environmental Services, Inc., January Transport, Inc., and company-owner Cris January will pay civil penalties of $1.9 million and perform comprehensive corrective measures to resolve allegations that they violated the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) through their used oil transportation and processing operations in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

In a complaint filed on November 30, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Justice, and the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (ODEQ) alleged that the companies and Cris January committed multiple violations of RCRA’s used oil and hazardous waste regulations.

“Federal hazardous waste laws are vital to preventing pollution from entering the environment and causing costly damage to natural resources and potential harm to people’s health,” said EPA Regional Administrator Dr. Earthea Nance. “Companies are required to take responsibility for these materials for their entire lifespan, and must be held accountable for failing to do so.”

JTI owns and operates a used oil transportation service, and JES owns and operates a used oil storage/processing facility in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Mr. Cris January is the president of both corporate entities. Prior inspections of the facility by ODEQ found alleged violations of RCRA regulations regarding used oil and hazardous waste transport and storage. In November 2017 and March 2019, joint EPA and ODEQ inspections found these types of violations had continued.  

Companies that receive, store, handle, generate or transport hazardous waste must follow RCRA regulations, including properly determining whether the waste is hazardous and properly tracking the hazardous wastes through a manifest system. Alleged violations at JTI and JES included failure to perform hazardous waste determinations for solid wastes found onsite, storing hazardous waste without a RCRA permit, and accepting hazardous waste for transport without a hazardous waste manifest. Additionally, companies that receive, transport, store, and/or process used oil for recycling must comply with RCRA’s used oil program. The alleged violations by JTI and JES also included transporting used oil and accepting used oil for processing without determining its halogen content,  and failing to comply with the General Facility Standards and recordkeeping for used oil processors.

This settlement, approved [today] by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma, requires JES and JTI to institute a number of company-wide changes to come into compliance with RCRA used oil and hazardous waste regulations, many of which the companies have already undertaken. Compliance requirements include training staff on using proper manifest forms to track the handling of hazardous waste, develop a written waste management plan, and update emergency preparations such as coordinating with local emergency responders and hiring an independent engineer to review the facilities’ spill-containment and contingency plans.

Connect with the Environmental Protection Agency Region 6 on Facebook, Twitter, or visit our homepage.

EPA Announces Settlement for Groundwater Cleanup at Landfill and Resource Recovery, Inc. Superfund Site in N. Smithfield, Rhode Island

EPA Air - Wed, 11/09/2022 - 19:00

NORTH SMITHFIELD, R.I. – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has reached a proposed settlement with 13 "potentially responsible parties" (PRPs) which have agreed to finance and conduct all remedial design and remedial action activities to address groundwater contamination at the Landfill and Resource Recovery, Inc. (L&RR) Superfund Site located on Oxford Road in North Smithfield, Rhode Island.

"This settlement is great news for the people of North Smithfield, and for taxpayers everywhere," said EPA New England Regional Administrator David W. Cash. "Making meaningful progress to ensure Superfund sites like this one get cleaned up is a huge benefit for communities. Many communities where Superfund sites are located have suffered from disproportionate pollution burdens, so EPA is especially pleased that this settlement will expedite work in North Smithfield."

The State of Rhode Island participated in negotiations and is a party to the consent decree. This settlement means the groundwater cleanup plan selected by EPA for the Site will proceed as quickly as possible with costs being borne by companies responsible for the contamination and will not be a burden to taxpayers. The groundwater cleanup will address volatile organic compounds, metals, 1,4-dioxane, PFOA and PFOS contamination related to the L&RR Site. The settlement also includes performance of a contingency remedy, if EPA determines the selected remedy will not meet cleanup levels in a reasonable time period.

"This settlement results from the shared regulatory vigilance of EPA Region I and DEM, will expedite clean-up work to protect public health and the environment in North Smithfield, and holds polluters accountable for the consequences of their actions," said Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (DEM) Director Terry Gray. "We appreciate EPA's partnership in achieving these critical goals."

The 13 PRPs participating in this consent decree are: Aerosols Danville Inc.; Clean Harbors of Braintree, Inc.; Avnet, Inc.; Waste Management of Massachusetts, Inc.; Bixby International Corporation; Waste Management of Rhode Island, Inc.; Corning Incorporated; Electric Boat Corporation; Life Technologies Corporation; NSTAR Electric Company; OCG Microelectronics Materials, Inc.; Ballantyne Legacy Holdings, LLC; and Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.

The cleanup remedy includes the following components:

  • In situ (below ground) treatment and sequestration of groundwa­ter contaminants using a two-stage reactive treatment zone.
  • Land use restrictions (called "Institutional Controls" or ICs) to prohibit the use of contami­nated groundwater until cleanup levels are met and to require evaluation of the vapor intrusion pathway as part of new building construc­tion.
  • Contingency implementation of active groundwater extraction and ex situ (above ground) treatment, if the proposed remedy will not be effective in attaining cleanup levels at the Site.
  • Restoration with native vegetation of any wetland habitat altered by the remedial action.
  • Long-term groundwater, surface water, and residential well monitoring.
  • Periodic reviews, at a minimum of every five years, to assess the protectiveness of the remedy.

EPA's cleanup remedy for Operable Unit 2 that addresses groundwater at the Site is estimated to cost approximately $11.7 million with the alternate contingency (groundwater extraction and treatment) remedy estimated at $14.6 million and is estimated to take approximately two to three years to design and begin implementation. Groundwater is estimated to achieve cleanup standards immediately downgradient of the remedy within approximately 20 years. Institutional controls will prevent exposure to contaminated groundwater at the Site until cleanup levels are met.

Background

The 28-acre Landfill & Resource Recovery Site is an inactive landfill on Oxford Road that began as a sand and gravel operation. The landfill began accepting residential waste in 1927, and over its years of operation it also accepted commercial and industrial wastes. Operation of the landfill permanently stopped in January 1985 after an order from the Superior Court of Rhode Island. EPA has estimated that more than 2 million gallons of hazardous chemicals including solvents, plating waste, asbestos, oils and dyes were brought to the landfill for disposal. EPA issued a Record of Decision selecting a remedy for the landfill in 1988. Construction of the landfill remedy was completed in 1995 and monitoring and operation and maintenance activities are on-going.

More information

The settlement is documented in a consent decree, lodged in the U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island on November 9, 2022. The consent decree is subject to a 30-day public comment period and approval by the federal court. A copy of the consent decree and information on how to provide comments will be available on the U.S. Department of Justice's website: https://www.justice.gov/enrd/consent-decrees.

For more information about the Landfill and Resource Recovery, Inc. (L&RR) Superfund Site and cleanup progress visit: https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lrr.

EPA Awards $7.7 Million for Research Grants to Improve Risk Assessment of Chemical Mixtures in the Environment

EPA Air - Wed, 11/09/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON – Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced $7,770,044 in research grant funding to 11 institutions to develop and evaluate innovative methods and approaches to inform our understanding of the human health risks that may result from exposure to chemical mixtures in the environment.

“Protecting public health is an essential part of EPA’s mission,” said Chris Frey, Assistant Administrator of EPA’s Office of Research and Development. “The research announced today will advance the science for evaluating mixtures of chemicals and their toxicity so we can better understand the human health impacts, and ultimately, better protect public health.”

Toxicology studies have traditionally focused on the effects of single chemicals on human health. However, chemicals in the environment are often present as mixtures in the air, water, soil, food, and products in commerce. These chemical mixtures include PFAS, phthalates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), disinfection by-products (DBPs) and other well-characterized mixtures. There is a need to assess the toxicity of chemical mixtures to understand how their combined effects on our health and the environment differ from what we know about individual chemicals. Due to their lower cost and higher throughput, new approach methods (NAMs) and use of alternative animal models have emerged as potential approaches to advance the risk assessment of mixtures.

To help address this research need, the institutions receiving these grants will conduct research focused on the development and improvement, evaluation, and integration of predictive toxicology methods to evaluate environmental chemical mixtures.

Below are today’s grantees and their project titles:

  • Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Ga. – High-Throughput Lung Damage and Inflammation Assessment of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures
  • Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, S.C. – Developing an Integrated Framework for Evaluating Toxicity of Real-life Chemical Mixtures
  • Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind. – Protein Binding Affinity as the Driver for Studying PFAS Mixture Toxicity
  • The Research Foundation of CUNY, New York, N.Y. – Innovative Approach to Assess the Effect of Metal Mixtures from Infant Meconium Associated with Adverse Infant Outcomes by Identifying Methylation Loci in Mothers and Infants
  • Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas – A Tiered Hybrid Experimental-Computational Strategy for Rapid Risk Assessment of Complex Environmental Mixtures Using Novel Analytical and Toxicological Methods
  • University at Buffalo, Buffalo, N.Y. – Assessment of Neurotoxicity of Mixtures of PFAS and Other Neuroactive Organic Pollutants Through Integrated in silico, in vitro Cellular, and in vivo Models
  • University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc., Athens, Ga. – Development of a Quantitative Adverse Outcome Pathway Network to Assess Neurodevelopmental Toxicity of PFAS Mixture in C. Elegans
  • University of Houston, Houston, Texas – Oral Toxicity Assessment of PAH Mixtures Using an in vitro 3D Cell Culture Bioreactor Mimicking the in vivo Intestinal Tract Environment
  • University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Mass. – Whole Animal New Approach Methodologies for Predicting Developmental Effects of Air Pollutant Mixtures
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, N.C. – Wildfire Smoke Mixtures Toxicity Testing
  • Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich. – Assessment of Underlying Molecular Mechanisms Promoting Adipogenic Outcomes in Complex Mixtures

Learn more about the grant recipients.

Learn more about EPA Research Grants.

EPA Reaches Settlement with Evergy Kansas Central Inc. on Actions to Address Compliance with Coal Combustion Residuals Regulations

EPA Air - Wed, 11/09/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON — Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a settlement under the Agency’s Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) program with Evergy Kansas Central Inc. at the company’s retired Tecumseh Energy Center coal-fired power plant in Tecumseh, Kansas.

In the settlement, Evergy will take certain actions to address potential groundwater contamination from a CCR impoundment at the Tecumseh site, under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

“The EPA is committed to ensuring that coal ash surface impoundments and landfills operate and close in a manner that protects public health and the environment,” said Acting Assistant Administrator Larry Starfield for EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. "The action will require Evergy to investigate and determine the extent of contamination from their operations.”

“EPA is encouraged by Evergy’s willingness to work cooperatively with EPA on this coal ash matter and its commitment to protecting Kansas waters,” said EPA Region 7 Administrator Meg McCollister. “This settlement is an important step forward in the federal government’s nationwide effort to ensure energy providers clean up the harmful effects of CCR pollution.”

The settlement requires Evergy to assess the nature and extent of CCR contamination at a CCR impoundment at the Tecumseh site. Evergy will install additional monitoring wells, conduct groundwater sampling and analysis, and update closure plans for the facility’s CCR impoundment. If Evergy determines that remediation is necessary, then it will meet with EPA to discuss next steps. The company will also pay a civil penalty of $120,000.

Produced primarily from the burning of coal in coal-fired power plants, CCR is a large industrial waste stream by volume and can contain harmful levels of contaminants such as mercury, cadmium, arsenic, and cobalt. Without proper management, contaminants from CCR can pollute waterways, groundwater, drinking water, and the air.

The administrative settlement was finalized on November 7. In the agreement, EPA alleges that Evergy did not meet certain requirements under the CCR program, including:

  • Failure to adequately prepare annual groundwater monitoring and corrective action reports.
  • Failure to comply with groundwater monitoring system requirements.
  • Failure to comply with groundwater sampling and analysis requirements.
  • Failure to complete an assessment monitoring program.
  • Failure to comply with CCR impoundment closure and post-closure reporting requirements.

Evergy is a utility company engaged in the generation, purchase, transmission, distribution, and sale of electricity in Kansas and is headquartered in Topeka and Kansas City. The Tecumseh coal-fired power plant began operations in 1925 and was retired from operations in 2018. According to EPA, Evergy identified CCR contaminants leaching into groundwater from an impoundment at the Tecumseh facility in 2018, and did not fully comply with the CCR program to adequately address the contamination.

To address the risks from disposal and discharge of coal ash, including leaking of contaminants into groundwater, blowing of contaminants into the air as dust, and the catastrophic failure of coal ash surface impoundments, EPA established national rules for coal ash management and disposal. In April 2015, EPA promulgated a comprehensive set of requirements for the safe handling and disposal of coal ash from coal-fired power plants, which established technical requirements for CCR landfills and surface impoundments.

EPA is increasing its efforts and working with its state partners to investigate compliance concerns at coal ash facilities around the nation to ensure compliance and protect the health of communities overburdened by pollution such as coal ash residuals.

For more information on coal ash and the Agency’s CCR program activities, please visit EPA’s Coal Ash (CCR) website.

EPA Reaches Settlement with Evergy Kansas Central Inc. on Actions to Address Compliance with Coal Combustion Residuals Regulations

EPA Air - Tue, 11/08/2022 - 19:00

LENEXA, KAN. (NOV. 8, 2022) – Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a settlement under the Agency’s Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) program with Evergy Kansas Central Inc. at the company’s retired Tecumseh Energy Center coal-fired power plant in Tecumseh, Kansas.

In the settlement, Evergy will take certain actions to address potential groundwater contamination from a CCR impoundment at the Tecumseh site, under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

“EPA is committed to ensuring that coal ash surface impoundments and landfills operate and close in a manner that protects public health and the environment,” said Larry Starfield, acting assistant administrator for EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. “The action will require Evergy to investigate and determine the extent of contamination from their operations.”

“EPA is encouraged by Evergy’s willingness to work cooperatively with EPA on this coal ash matter and its commitment to protecting Kansas waters,” said EPA Region 7 Administrator Meg McCollister. “This settlement is an important step forward in the federal government’s nationwide effort to ensure energy providers clean up the harmful effects of CCR pollution.”

The settlement requires Evergy to assess the nature and extent of CCR contamination at a CCR impoundment at the Tecumseh site. Evergy will install additional monitoring wells, conduct groundwater sampling and analysis, and update closure plans for the facility’s CCR impoundment. If Evergy determines that remediation is necessary, then it will meet with EPA to discuss next steps. The company will also pay a civil penalty of $120,000.

Produced primarily from the burning of coal in coal-fired power plants, CCR is a large industrial waste stream by volume and can contain harmful levels of contaminants such as mercury, cadmium, arsenic, and cobalt. Without proper management, contaminants from CCR can pollute waterways, groundwater, drinking water, and the air.

The administrative settlement was finalized on Nov. 7. In the agreement, EPA alleges that Evergy did not meet certain requirements under the CCR program, including:

  • Failure to adequately prepare annual groundwater monitoring and corrective action reports.
  • Failure to comply with groundwater monitoring system requirements.
  • Failure to comply with groundwater sampling and analysis requirements.
  • Failure to complete an assessment monitoring program.
  • Failure to comply with CCR impoundment closure and post-closure reporting requirements.

Evergy is a utility company engaged in the generation, purchase, transmission, distribution, and sale of electricity in Kansas and is headquartered in Topeka and Kansas City. The Tecumseh coal-fired power plant began operations in 1925 and was retired from operations in 2018. According to EPA, Evergy identified CCR contaminants leaching into groundwater from an impoundment at the Tecumseh facility in 2018, and did not fully comply with the CCR program to adequately address the contamination.

To address the risks from disposal and discharge of coal ash, including leaking of contaminants into groundwater, blowing of contaminants into the air as dust, and the catastrophic failure of coal ash surface impoundments, EPA established national rules for coal ash management and disposal. In April 2015, EPA promulgated a comprehensive set of requirements for the safe handling and disposal of coal ash from coal-fired power plants, which established technical requirements for CCR landfills and surface impoundments.

EPA is increasing its efforts and working with its state partners to investigate compliance concerns at coal ash facilities around the nation to ensure compliance and protect the health of communities overburdened by pollution such as coal ash residuals.

For more information on coal ash and the Agency’s CCR program activities, please visit EPA’s Coal Ash (CCR) website.

# # #

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EPA Announces Austin-Based Lemi Shine Among 2022 Safer Choice Partner of the Year Award Winners

EPA Air - Mon, 11/07/2022 - 19:00

DALLAS, TEXAS (Nov. 7th, 2022) - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is recognizing Lemi Shine as an outstanding Safer Choice Formulator Product Manufacturer. Lemi Shine has prioritized educating consumers about how products that are safer for human health and the environment can also be affordable and perform well. The EPA commends Lemi Shine’s dedication to formulating and manufacturing products with safer chemical ingredients.

“Cleaning and other products made with safer chemicals – like those certified by the Safer Choice program - help protect workers, families, communities, and the planet,” said EPA Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention Deputy Assistant Administrator for Pollution Prevention Jennie Romer. “This year, we’re pleased to recognize a variety of organizations for their support of safer chemistry and sustainability, many of which have worked to advance the central priorities of the Biden-Harris Administration of addressing environmental justice and climate change.”

“For four years, Lemi Shine has shown continued dedication to providing safer products for the public and the environment,” said Regional Administrator Dr. Earthea Nance. “We thank Lemi Shine and all Safer Choice winners for their contributions and look forward to their continued environmental leadership.”

"The EPA's Safer Choice program has stood the test of time and has become the authority for consumers' trusted source for safer cleaners," said Lemi Shine CEO Curtis Eggemeyer. "We are honored to continue to be at the forefront of their program and recognized for the 4th straight year in a row as their Partner of the Year."

Applicants for this year’s awards were encouraged to show how their work promotes environmental justice, bolsters resilience to the impacts of climate change, results in cleaner air or water, or improves drinking water quality. Lemi Shine introduced a new wipe disinfectant in 2021 that is effective against SARS-CoV-2 and is certified by the Design for the Environment program. Lemi Shine uses social media as a primary outlet to advertise its Safer Choice-certified products. The company also promotes the use of Safer Choice-certified products on blogs about cleaning hacks on its website.

Additionally, many awardees increased access to products with safer chemical ingredients in communities with environmental justice concerns. For example, one nonprofit winner conducted targeted outreach in both English and Spanish to promote safer cleaning techniques and products, including Safer Choice-certified products, in food trucks. Many of these businesses are owned and operated by immigrant entrepreneurs. Another winner made its Safer Choice-certified product line more accessible to lower income shoppers by offering affordable prices and making these products available at retailers that often serve low-income communities.

In early 2023, the EPA will build on this work by announcing a grant opportunity for projects that can increase supply and demand for safer, environmentally preferable products such as those certified by the Safer Choice program or identified by the EPA’s Environmentally Preferable Purchasing program.

A list of the 2022 Partner of the Year award winners can be found below. Learn more about the 2022 Safer Choice Partner of the Year award winners and summaries of their accomplishments.

List of Winners

American Cleaning Institute, District of Columbia

The Ashkin Group, LLC, Channel Islands Harbor, Calif.

Bona US, Englewood, Colo.

Case Medical, Bloomfield, N.J.

Church & Dwight Co., Inc., Ewing, N.J.

Clean Safety & Health in Food Trucks (CleanSHiFT) Team, Seattle, Wash.

The Clorox Company, Oakland, Calif.

Colgate-Palmolive, New York, N.Y.

Design for the Environment Logo Redesign Coalition: Environmental Defense Fund, The Natural Resources Defense Council, The Clorox Company, The Procter & Gamble Company, and Reckitt

Dirty Labs Inc., Portland, Ore.

ECOS, Cypress, Calif.

Grove Collaborative, San Francisco, Calif.

The Hazardous Waste Management Program, Seattle, Wash.

Holloway House, Inc., Fortville, Ind.

The Home Depot, Atlanta, Ga.

Household & Commercial Products Association, District of Columbia

Jelmar, LLC, Skokie, Ill.

Lemi Shine, Austin, Texas

LightHouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired, San Francisco, Calif.

Mother Africa, Kent, Wash.

Novozymes North America, Raleigh, N.C.

The ODP Corporation, Boca Raton, Fla.

The Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio

PurposeBuilt Brands, Gurnee, Ill.

Sensitive Home, Greenbrae, Calif.

Solutex, Sterling, Va.

Connect with the Environmental Protection Agency Region 6 on Facebook, Twitter, or visit our homepage.

EPA Takes Action to Address Illegal Destruction of Streams and Wetlands in Missouri and Nebraska

EPA Air - Mon, 11/07/2022 - 19:00

LENEXA, KAN. (NOV. 7, 2022) – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has ordered Michael Zahner of Bollinger County, Missouri, and Mark Schmidt of Lancaster County, Nebraska, to take immediate steps to comply with the federal Clean Water Act.

The Agency is also seeking civil penalties for alleged violations of the Act. According to EPA, both Zahner and Schmidt and their respective companies, Zahner Management Company LLC and Evergreen Development Inc., filled in federally protected streams without obtaining required Clean Water Act permits.

In the Compliance Order issued to Zahner and Zahner Management Company on October 7, EPA alleges that Zahner and his company filled in portions of streams to build two lakes on his property, one approximately 13.5 acres and a smaller 2.6-acre lake. The Order requires Zahner to submit a plan to EPA describing how he and his company will mitigate for lost stream functions and stabilize the property to prevent ongoing erosion.

In the Compliance Order issued to Schmidt and Evergreen Development on October 13, EPA alleges that Schmidt and his company channelized a stream; removed in-stream vegetation; and placed fill material into a stream and abutting wetlands, as part of a 16.5-acre residential development project. Further, EPA alleges that Evergreen Development let its Clean Water Act stormwater permit authorization lapse during construction. The Order requires Schmidt and his company to submit a plan to EPA to restore the site or to mitigate for lost stream and wetland functions, as well as ordering Evergreen to reinstate its Clean Water Act permit.

In addition to the Orders issued to Zahner and Schmidt, EPA also filed administrative complaints on October 7 and October 13, respectively, pursuing penalties for the alleged Clean Water Act violations. In Zahner’s case, the Agency is seeking $171,481; and in Schmidt’s case, $138,458.

Under the Clean Water Act, parties are prohibited from discharging pollutants into streams and other protected water bodies unless they first obtain a permit.

Learn more about EPA’s Clean Water Act enforcement authorities.

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Utica Resource Operating Agrees to Pay $1 Million Penalty and Mitigate Past Excess Air Pollution at Oil and Gas Production Wells

EPA Air - Mon, 11/07/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON – The United States today announced that Utica Resource Operating LLC (URO) has agreed to a settlement resolving alleged Clean Air Act violations at URO’s oil and gas production well facilities in Ohio. The settlement addresses URO’s failure to capture and control air emissions from storage vessels and to comply with associated inspection, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements.

Under the terms of the settlement, URO will complete a $1.9 million suite of injunctive relief at 15 well pad facilities to come into compliance with the Clean Air Act and the facilities’ operating permits and implement mitigation measures at many of the wells owned by URO and pay a penalty of $1 million. The injunctive relief includes a multi-step compliance program to review the current design of each storage vessel system and then make necessary design improvements to ensure that vapors will not be released to the environment during operations.

“The uncontrolled air emissions from these well facilities were creating poor air quality for residents of Ohio,” said Acting Assistant Administrator Larry Starfield for EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. “Today’s agreement not only requires the company to resolve their outstanding pollution violations, but also take measures to control their methane and carbon dioxide emissions, which are significant contributors to climate change.”

“This settlement not only requires URO to pay a significant civil penalty, it also requires pollution reductions to offset the effects of the company’s past violations,” said Assistant Attorney General Todd Kim of the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division. “These mitigation measures will reduce the emission of harmful volatile organic compounds and greenhouse gases into the environment.”

“Utica Resource Operating’s failure to control emissions from its facilities in Guernsey, Morgan and Washington Counties placed our fellow citizens in harm’s way,” said U.S. Attorney Kenneth L. Parker for the Southern District of Ohio. “Today’s settlement, which includes a significant fine, will require URO to comply with the Clean Air Act, and further reinforce the Department of Justice’s commitment to take aggressive action to protect the citizens of this country. We will continue to hold entities who violate the nation’s environmental laws, such as the Clean Air Act, accountable for their actions. My office is committed to keeping our citizens safe.”

The settlement requires URO to invest approximately $1.5 million in equipment upgrades and retrofits. These mitigation measures will further reduce pollution at URO well pads to offset past excess emissions from URO’s violations. In total, the improvements will result in estimated annual reductions of 307 tons of volatile organic compounds (VOC), 940 tons of methane and 4,429 tons of carbon dioxide. VOCs include a variety of chemicals that may cause adverse health effects, while methane and carbon dioxide are greenhouse gases contributing to climate change.

The EPA found widespread problems with uncontrolled VOC emissions from oil and wastewater storage vessels during inspections of 11 URO well facilities in 2019. These emissions came from pressurized gases venting through imperfectly sealed access hatches on top of the storage vessels, pressure relief devices, and combustors. After learning of other violations relating to inspections, recordkeeping and reporting, EPA issued a notice and finding of violation to URO on Aug. 14, 2020.

The settlement terms are included in a proposed consent decree that the Department of Justice filed today with the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio. The proposed consent decree is subject to a 30-day public comment period and final court approval. It is available on the Justice Department website.

EPA (美國國家環境保護局) 就《降低通膨法案》計畫公開徵詢民眾意見,以對抗氣候變遷、保護健康及推動環境正義

EPA Air - Fri, 11/04/2022 - 19:00

華盛頓 (2022 11 4 ) – 美國國家環境保護局 (EPA) 於本日宣布,由拜登總統的《降低通膨法案》所資助之一系列新計畫和現有計畫,開始初步邀請公眾參與並徵求公眾意見。這些計畫發揮著多項作用,包括資助空氣品質專案和氣候專案,涵蓋潔淨能源、運輸、甲烷排放及氣候超級污染物等議題。它們將會推動總統所提之宏大議程,以對抗氣候危機、維護民眾健康與推動環境正義。  

Joseph Goffman, EPA 空氣暨輻射辦公室主要副助理署長如此表示:「《降低通膨法案》賦予各州、部落、社區和組織前所未有的機會,盼能取得持續性進展,公平保障人民與環境免受空氣污染和氣候變遷的影響。我們熱切希望那些與上述工作成功與否息息相關的人員參與進來,希望借助未來幾個月內對話過程中汲取到的智慧和經驗以及收到的回饋意見,作為我們下一步行動的指引。」 

EPA 邀請公眾參與這些計畫的策略包括:

  • 資訊邀請書 (RFI):發佈邀請,公開徵詢民眾意見,為計畫設計提供資訊;
  • 專家意見:就重大計畫設計問題向 EPA 聯邦諮詢委員會徵集專家意見,包括地方政府諮詢委員會、《空氣清潔法案》諮詢委員會與國家環境正義諮詢委員會;
  • 聽證會:召開一系列利益相關者聽證會,邀請包括環境正義社區、州政府與地方政府、潔淨能源倡議者、勞工等重要利益相關者直接向 EPA 人員提供意見;以及
  • 新網頁:《降低通膨法案》計畫的執行情況建立一站式資訊平台,這些計畫由 EPA 空氣暨輻射辦公室負責管理

EPA 於本日發佈資訊邀請書,尋求公眾對多項《降低通膨法案》計畫核心設計面提供意見,這是 EPA 努力落實這項立法所提供的歷史性資助的關鍵第一步。初步邀請公眾參與,將有助於確保這些計畫的設計與實施能夠反映廣大利益相關者聯盟的意見,確保所有人都能獲得這項歷史性投資在經濟面與環境面上所帶來的助益,尤其是受環境、社會與經濟不公平問題影響最大的人民。 

資訊邀請書會提供背景資訊和問題,供民眾在提供意見時參考。EPA 將收集並整理透過資訊邀請書以六項公開案卷的形式獲得的資訊,這些公開案卷分別與《降低通膨法案》法條相對應。此外,實行《降低通膨法案》的期間,EPA 將持續擴大推行公眾參與。 

鼓勵民眾審閱六項公開案卷並提出意見 

 案卷 1:氣候污染減量補助金  

EPA 獲得了 50 億美金的經費,以協助各州、空氣污染控制機關、部落與地方政府制定及實施強大的氣候污染減量策略。這些符合資格的實體可以申請規劃撥款,然後申請補助金來推行相關計畫。 

 案卷 2:運輸計畫    

EPA 獲得了 40 億美金的經費,供兩項新計畫運用,盼能減少交通運輸產業的排放。第一項計畫為重型車輛潔淨計畫。該計畫將投資 10 億美金,協助支付以潔淨能源車輛取代排放廢氣的重型車輛的費用,部署配套的基礎設施,及/或培訓與培養必要的勞動力。至少有 4 億美金必須用在未達全國空氣品質健康標準的地區。各州、市、印地安部落、非營利學校運輸協會與符合資格的承包商皆可申請相關補助。   

第二項計畫將提供 30 億美金的補助金,目的為減少港口的空氣污染,其中至少有 7.5 億美金將用於未達空氣品質標準的地區。這些資金將投入一系列活動,包括購買及安裝零排放的港口設備與技術,支付規劃與許可方面的相關費用,以及制訂達標氣候行動計畫。港口當局、所有對港口當局有管轄權的州、區域、地方或部落機構、空氣污染控制機關,以及與上述單位合作並擁有、經營或使用港口設施的非營利組織及私營實體皆為符合資格的實體。  

 案卷 3:甲烷減排計畫  

EPA 獲得了 15.5 億美金的經費,可用於提供財政援助 (補助金、退還款、合約、貸款及其他活動) 和技術支援,以及對廢棄物排放實施法定收費,盼能減少石油和天然氣產業的甲烷排放。符合資格的經費申請對象包括但不限於空氣污染控制機關、其他公共或非營利私人機構、單位、組織與個人。該計畫規定,至少有 7 億美金必須用於邊緣常規油井相關活動。第 60113 條法規還要求,自 2024 年起,對於排放超過 25,000 噸 CO2 當量,且超過法定廢棄物排放閾值的適用石油及天然氣設施,EPA 需要對其排放的甲烷實施法定收費。所收取的廢棄物排放費用最低為每公噸 900 美金,最高可增至 1,500 美金。 

 案卷 4:為解決空污問題提供資金  

EPA 獲得了超過 3 億美金的空氣品質計畫經費,可用於一系列活動,以加強社區內和由社區負責的監測,推廣並加強全國性的監測方法,改善監測方法及其效力,使社區更容易取得監測數據並加以運用,改善我國學校的空氣品質。其中六項計畫是由第 60105 條授權。該條所列之符合資格的經費申請對象相當廣泛,包括個人、州、地方及部落空氣污染控制機關,以及其他公共或非營利私營機構、單位與組織。第 60106 條還撥款 5000 萬美金予 EPA,用於解決校園空氣污染問題。其中 1250 萬美金專門用於提供技術支援,其餘為補助金和其他活動支出,以監測並減少低收入和弱勢社區學校的空氣污染和溫室氣體排放。符合申請這筆資金資格的對象包括個人、空氣污染控制機關以及其他公共非營利私營機構、單位與組織。   

案卷 5:為施行《美國創新與製造法》(簡稱《AIM 法案》) 提供資金

3850 萬美金的資金將用於施行《AIM 法案》,落實與氫氟碳化物相關的《吉佳利協定》。其中 1500 萬美金專門用於為回收及創新銷毀技術提供競爭性補助,2000 萬美金專門撥予 EPA 施行《AIM 法案》,350 萬美金專門撥予 EPA 針對《AIM 法案》部署新的施行與合規工具。    

案卷 6:低排放電力計畫與 GHG 企業報告  

低排放電力計畫

本計畫擁有 8700 萬美金的經費,可資助各式各樣的活動,透過教育、技術支援以及與消費者、低收入和弱勢社區、產業及州、地方和部落政府的合作,鼓勵低排放發電。     

GHG 企業報告

本計畫擁有 500 萬美金的經費,用於加強企業氣候行動承諾和減少溫室氣體排放計畫的標準化和透明化程度,提高企業實現承諾和計畫實施進度的透明度,並推動企業實現承諾和實施計畫。 

資訊邀請書及關於如何提出意見的更多資訊,請造訪本網站。 

背景

2022 年 8 月,國會通過了《降低通膨法案》並由拜登總統簽署而成了法律,是美國史上對抗氣候危機的最大投資。《降低通膨法案》將強化美國的能源安全,幫助家庭節省能源及處方藥支出,減少赤字,並創造良好的就業機會。EPA 獲得了 415 億美金的經費,用於開發和支持 24 項全新或現有計畫,以便監測並減少溫室氣體排放和空氣污染,保護健康並推動環境正義。今日公佈的資訊邀請書旨在尋求公眾對以上所有內容中的重要部分提供意見,EPA 會將收到的回饋意見作為下一步行動的指引,期盼這項歷史性資源將能用於為全國各地社區創造最大利益之處。 

EPA, 기후 변화에 맞서 싸우고 미국인의 건강을 보호하며 환경 정의를 발전시키기 위해 인플레이션 감축 법안 프로그램을 주제로 공청회 개최

EPA Air - Fri, 11/04/2022 - 19:00

워싱턴 (2022 11 4) – 오늘 미국 EPA(환경청)는 바이든 대통령의 인플레이션 감축 법안으로 기금을 지원받는 신규 및 기존 프로그램의 하위 프로그램에 대한 1차 시민 참여회 및 공청회를 개최한다고 발표했습니다. 이러한 프로그램은 청정에너지, 교통, 메탄 배출, 기후변화 슈퍼 오염물질 문제를 다루는 공기질 프로젝트와 기후 프로젝트를 위한 기금 마련을 포함하고 있으며, 기후 위기와 맞서 싸우고 공중 보건을 보호하며 환경 정의를 발전시키기 위한 바이든 대통령의 과감한 어젠다를 발전시킬 것입니다. 

조셉 고프먼(Joseph Goffman) EPA 대기방사능 사무국 수석 부국장은 “인플레이션 감축 법안은 주, 부족, 지역사회, 단체에 지속적인 발전을 이룰 전례 없는 기회를 제공하여 미국 시민과 우리 지구를 대기오염과 기후변화로부터 공정하게 보호합니다”라며 이어, “EPA는 이러한 노력의 성공에 이해관계가 달려 있는 모든 이들과 관계를 맺기를 바랍니다. EPA의 다음 조치는 앞으로 몇 달간 주고받을 대화와 피드백을 통한 지혜와 경험으로 방향성을 확립할 것입니다”라고 밝혔습니다. 

이러한 프로그램에 대한 EPA의 시민 참여 전략은 다음을 포함합니다.

  • 자료 요청서(Request for Information, RFI): 프로그램 설계에 대한 의견을 구하고자 정보 요청서 발행
  • 전문가 의견 제시: 지방정부 자문위원회, 대기오염방지법 자문위원회, 국립 환경정의 자문위원회를 포함하는 EPA의 연방 자문위원회의 핵심 프로그램 설계 관련 질문에 대한 전문가의 의견을 청취
  • 공청회: 일련의 이해관계자 공청회를 열어 환경정의 지역사회, 주 및 지방 정부, 청정에너지 옹호자, 노동자 및 기타 이해관계자를 포함하는 핵심 이해관계자가 EPA 직원에게 직접 의견을 전달
  • 웹페이지: 인플레이션 감축 법안 프로그램의 도입에 대한 정보를 찾을 수 있는 원스톱 숍(EPA의 대기방사능 사무국(OAR)에서 관리).

오늘 EPA는 인플레이션 감축 법안으로 역사적인 수준의 기금을 도입하려는 중요한 조치로서 자료 요청서(RFI)를 발행하여 다수의 인플레이션 감축 법안 프로그램의 핵심 설계 측면에 대한 대중의 의견을 구했습니다. 1차 시민 참여회는 이 프로그램의 설계와 도입에 광범위한 이해관계자 연합의 의견이 반영되어 모든 미국인, 환경, 사회, 경제적인 불평등을 감내해야 했던 이들에 의해 이 역사적인 투자를 실현하여 완전한 경제 및 환경적 이익을 보장하도록 도울 것입니다. 

RFI는 시민들이 의견을 제시하면서 생각해볼 만한 배경지식과 질문을 제공합니다. EPA는 RFI에 제출된 정보를 모으고 정리하여 인플레이션 감축 법안의 조항에 상응하는 여섯 개의 문서로 만들 것입니다. 또한, 해당 법을 도입하면서 광범위한 시민 참여회를 앞으로도 개최할 것입니다. 

시민들은 여섯 가지 시민 참여 안건을 검토하고 이에 대한 의견을 제시하도록 권장됩니다

안건 1:기후 오염 감축 지원금 

EPA는 50억 달러를 받아 주, 대기오염 방지기관, 부족, 지방정부를 지원하여 강력한 기후 오염 감축 전략을 발전시키고 도입합니다. 지원금을 받을 자격을 갖춘 법인 및 단체는 지원금 계획을 신청하고 그러한 계획을 도입할 지원금을 신청할 수 있습니다. 

안건 2:교통 프로그램 

EPA는 40억 달러를 받아 교통 분야에서 이산화탄소 배출량을 줄이기 위한 두 개의 새로운 프로그램에 사용합니다. 첫 번째 프로그램은 청정 중장비 차량 프로그램으로, 여기에 10억 달러를 투자해 더러운 중장비 차량을 깨끗한 차량으로 교체하고 지원 인프라를 배포 및/또는 필요 인력을 교육 및 개발하는 비용을 지원합니다. 최소 4억 달러가 미국 내 공기질 건강 기준을 충족하지 못한 지역에 지원됩니다. 주, 지방정부, 인디언 부족, 비영리 학교 교통 연합, 자격을 갖춘 도급업체는 이 기금에 신청할 수 있습니다.  

두 번째 프로그램은 30억 달러를 지원금으로 제공하여 항구의 대기 오염을 줄이며, 최소 7억 5천만 달러가 공기질 수준을 충족하지 못한 지역에 지원됩니다. 이러한 기금은 이산화탄소를 배출하지 않는 항구 장비 및 기술 구매 및 설치, 기금을 받을 자격을 갖춘 기후 행동 계획을 기획, 승인, 발전하는 데 드는 관련 비용을 지원하는 것을 포함하는 다양한 활동에 사용될 수 있습니다. 기금을 받을 자격을 갖춘 법인 및 단체는 항구 당국, 항구 당국의 관할에 속하는 주, 지역, 지방 또는 부족 기관, 대기오염 방지기관, 상기 기관과 파트너십을 맺고 항구 시설을 소유, 운영, 사용하는 비영리단체 및 민간 기업을 포함합니다.  

안건 3:메탄 배출 감축 프로그램 

EPA는 155,000만 달러를 받아 재정 지원(보조금, 리베이트, 계약, 융자 및 기타 활동)과 기술 지원을 제공하고 법적으로 요구되는 폐기물 배출 요금 제도를 도입해 석유 및 가스 분야에서 메탄 배출량을 감축합니다. 이러한 기금을 받을 자격을 갖춘 수령인은 대기오염 방지기관, 기타 공공기관 또는 비영리 민간 기관, 협회, 단체, 개인을 포함하나 이에 국한되지 않습니다. 이 프로그램은 최소 7억 달러를 수익성 있는 기존 유정에서의 활동에 사용하도록 명시하고 있습니다. 섹션 60113은 또한 EPA가 2024년 시작되는 법적으로 명시된 폐기물 배출량 기준을 초과하여 25,000메트릭톤의 이산화탄소를 배출하는 석유 및 가스 시설에서 배출되는 메탄에 대한 폐기물 배출 요금 제도를 도입할 것을 요구합니다. 폐기물 배출 요금은 900달러부터 시작하여 메트릭톤당 1,500달러까지 증가할 것입니다. 

안건 4:대기오염 해결을 위한 기금 마련 

EPA는 3억 달러 넘는 금액을 기금에서 받아 지역사회가 지역사회 내부에서 더욱 모니터링하고 미국 국내 모니터링 방법을 강화하며, 모니터링 방법과 능력을 개선하고 지역사회에서 모니터링 데이터를 더 유용하게 사용할 수 있도록 하고 미국 내 학교의 공기질을 개선하기 위한 다양한 활동에 투자하여 EPA의 공기질 미션을 지원하는 데 사용합니다. 이러한 프로그램의 여섯 가지는 섹션 60105에 따라 승인되었습니다. 이 섹션은 기금을 받을 자격을 갖춘 개인, 주, 지방, 부족의 대기오염 방지기관, 및 기타 공공 또는 비영리 민간 기관, 협회, 단체를 포함하는 다양한 신청자에 대한 정의를 수립합니다. EPA는 또한 섹션 60106에서 5,000만 달러를 받아 학교의 대기오염을 해결하는 데 사용하고 1,250만 달러를 기술 지원을 위한 전용 기금으로 배정하고 나머지 기금은 저소득 및 소외된 지역사회에 있는 학교의 대기오염 및 온실가스 배출을 모니터링하고 줄이기 위해 보조금과 기타 활동에 사용합니다. 이 기금을 받을 자격을 갖춘 신청자는 개인, 대기오염 방지기관, 기타 공공 또는 비영리 민간기관, 협회, 단체를 포함합니다.   

안건 5:미국 혁신제조법안(AIM) 도입을 위한 기금 마련 

혁신제조법안(American Innovation and Manufacturing, AIM) 법안을 도입해 수소불화탄소에 대한 키갈리 합의를 실현하기 위한 3,850만 달러가 기금에 포함됩니다. 이 기금 중 1,500만 달러는 복구 및 혁신적인 파괴 기술을 위한 새로운 경쟁력 있는 전용 기금으로 배정되고 2,000만 달러는 EPA가 AIM 법안을 수행하기 위한 전용 기금으로 배정되며 350만 달러는 EPA가 AIM 법안을 위해 새로운 도입 및 규제준수 도구를 배포하기 위한 전용 기금으로 배정됩니다.  

안건 6:오염물질 저배출 전기 프로그램 및 온실가스 기업 보고  

오염물질 저배출 전기 프로그램 교육, 기술 지원, 소비자, 저소득 및 소외된 지역사회, 산업, 주, 지방, 부족 정부와의 파트너십을 통해 오염물질을 적게 배출하는 전기 생산을 장려하기 위해 다양한 활동에 자금을 지원하기 위한 870억 달러가 기금에 포함됩니다.    

온실가스 기업 보고

기업의 기후 행동 약속을 표준화하고 투명성을 개선하며, 온실가스배출을 줄이고 그러한 약속을 충족하고 계획을 도입하기 위한 과정에 대한 투명성을 개선하고, 그러한 약속을 충족하고 그러한 계획을 도입하는 과정에서 발전을 이루기 위한 5,000만 달러가 기금에 포함됩니다. 

RFI 및 의견을 제시하는 방법에 대한 자세한 정보는 다음의 웹사이트에서 확인하실 수 있습니다

배경

2022년 8월, 미국 의회가 통과시키고 바이든 대통령이 서명한 인플레이션 감축 법안이 입법되어 기후 위기에 맞서 싸우기 위해 미국 역사상 가장 대규모의 투자가 이루어지게 되었습니다. 인플레이션 감축 법안은 미국의 에너지 안보를 강화하고 미국 가정의 에너지 비용과 처방약 비용을 절감하며 적자를 줄이고 고소득 일자리를 창출할 것입니다. EPA는 415억 달러를 승인 받아 24개의 신규 및 기존 프로그램을 개발하고 지원하여 온실가스 배출과 대기 오염을 모니터링하고 줄이며 건강을 보호하고 환경정의를 발전시킬 것입니다. 오늘의 RFI는 이 총기금의 상당 부분에 대한 시민들의 의견을 구하며, EPA는 청취한 정보를 활용하여 이러한 역사적인 자원을 미국 전역의 지역사회를 위한 최상의 결과를 끌어낼 곳에 전달할 다음 조치의 방향성을 확립할 것입니다. 

وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) تلتمس مساهمات الجمهور بشأن قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) للتصدي للتغيرات المناخية وحماية الصحة وتعزيز العدالة البيئية

EPA Air - Fri, 11/04/2022 - 19:00

واشنطن (4 نوفمبر 2022) – اليوم، أعلنت وكالة حماية البيئة الأمريكية (EPA) عن توفير فرص مبدئية لمشاركة الجمهور وتلقي المساهمات بشأن مجموعة من البرامج القائمة والجديدة الممولة بموجب قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) الذي أصدرته إدارة الرئيس بايدن. تشمل تلك البرامج تمويل مشاريع جودة الهواء ومشاريع مناخية تتناول مسائل الطاقة النظيفة والنقل وانبعاثات الميثان والملوثات الشديدة للمناخ، وسوف تعزز خطة الرئيس بايدن الجريئة لمكافحة أزمة المناخ وحماية الصحة العامة وتعزيز العدالة البيئية. 

وفي هذا الصدد، صرح جوزيف جوفمان، النائب الأول للمدير المساعد بمكتب وكالة حماية البيئة للهواء والإشعاع: "يوفر قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) للولايات والقبائل والمجتمعات والمنظمات فرصة غير مسبوقة لإحراز تقدم دائم على صعيد حماية البيئة والكوكب من تلوث الهواء والتغير المناخي. نحرص على التفاعل مع جميع من لديهم مصلحة في نجاح هذه الجهود، وستسترشد خطواتنا القادمة بالحكمة والخبرات التي تثمرها محادثاتنا والملاحظات التي نتلقاها على مدار الأشهر المقبلة".

تشمل استراتيجية الإشراك التي تتبعها الوكالة لتلك البرامج:

  • طلب معلومات (RFI): إصدار طلب لمساهمات الجمهور للاسترشاد بها في تصميم البرامج،
  • مساهمات الخبراء: التماس مساهمات الخبراء في الإجابة على أسئلة صادرة من المجالس الاستشارية الفيدرالية التابعة للوكالة بشأن تصميم أبرز البرامج، وتشمل تلك المجالس المجلس الاستشاري للحكومات المحلية، والمجلس الاستشاري لقانون الهواء النظيف، والمجلس الاستشاري للعدالة البيئة الوطنية،
  • جلسات استماع: إطلاق سلسلة من جلسات الاستماع لأصحاب المصلحة لتمكين أبرز أصحاب المصلحة، بمن فيهم مجتمعات العدالة البيئية والحكومات المحلية وحكومات الولايات ومناصرو الطاقة النظيفة والعمال وغيرهم، من تقديم مساهماتهم مباشرة إلى فريق وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA)،
  • صفحة ويب جديدة: إنشاء محطة متكاملة للمعلومات المرتبطة بتنفيذ برامج قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) التي يُديرها مكتب الوكالة لشؤون الهواء والإشعاع.

اليوم، تصدر وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) طلب معلومات (RFI) لالتماس ملاحظات الجمهور بشأن جوانب التصميم الأساسية لبرامج قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) في خطوة بالغة الأهمية ضمن جهود الوكالة للاستفادة بمستويات تاريخية من التمويل في إطار هذا التشريع.  ستساعد هذه المشاركات المبدئية على ضمان تجسيد تصميمات البرامج وأعمال تنفيذها للمساهمات الواردة من مجموعة واسعة من أصحاب المصلحة، وذلك للتأكد من جني جميع الناس لكافة الفوائد الاقتصادية والبيئة لهذا الاستثمار التاريخي وخاصة أولئك الذين يعانون بدرجة أكبر من غياب العدالة البيئية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية.

يوفر طلب المعلومات نبذة عن المعلومات الأساسية ومجموعة من التساؤلات ليضعها الجمهور في الحسبان أثناء تقديم مساهماتهم. ستتولى وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) جمع وتنظيم المعلومات الواردة في إطار طلب المعلومات في ستة مستندات حكومية تقابل أحكام قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) المنصوص عليها في القانون. وعلاوة على ذلك، ستواصل الوكالة تنظيم فعاليات مكثفة لمشاركة الجمهور في إطار سعيها لتطبيق القانون.

الوكالة تدعو الجمهور إلى استعراض المستندات العامة الستة وتقديم ملاحظات بشأنها

المستند الأول: منح خفض التلوث المناخي

تلقت وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) تمويلًا قدره 5 مليارات دولار لمساعدة الولايات ووكالات التحكم في تلوث الهواء والقبائل والحكومات المحلية على وضع وتنفيذ استراتيجيات قوية لخفض التلوث البيئي. يمكن للكيانات المؤهلة التقدم بطلب للحصول على منح التخطيط، ومن ثم التقدّم للحصول على منح لتنفيذ تلك الخطط.

المستند الثاني: برامج النقل  

تلقت وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) تمويلًا قدره 4 مليارات دولار مخصصة لبرنامجين جديدين يهدفان للحد من الانبعاثات الصادرة ضمن قطاع النقل. يهدف البرنامج الأول، وهو برنامج المركبات الثقيلة النظيفة، إلى استثمار 1 مليار دولار أمريكي للمساعدة في تغطية تكاليف استبدال المركبات الثقيلة الملوثة ببدائل نظيفة و/أو إقامة بنية تحتية داعمة و/أو تدريب وتطوير القوى العاملة الضرورية. وفي هذا الصدد، يجب تخصيص ما لا يقل عن 400 مليون دولار للمناطق غير المستوفية للمعايير الصحية الوطنية لجودة الهواء. التقديم مفتوح للولايات والبلديات وقبائل الهنود وروابط النقل المدرسي غير الربحية والمؤهلين من المتعاقدين.

  

يخصص البرنامج الثاني منحًا بقيمة 3 مليارات دولار لخفض تلوث الهواء في الموانئ، مع تخصيص ما لا يقل عن 750 مليون دولار للمناطق غير المستوفية لمعايير جودة الهواء. يمكن أن تستخدم هذه الأموال لمجموعة من الأنشطة التي تشمل شراء وتركيب معدات وتكنولوجيا عديمة الانبعاثات للموانئ، بحيث تغطي التكاليف المرتبطة بالتخطيط والتصريح ووضع خطط عمل مناخية ملاءمة. تشمل الكيانات المؤهلة سلطات الموانئ، وأي وكالة تابعة للولاية أو محلية أو إقليمية أو قبلية لها ولاية على إحدى سلطات الموانئ، ووكالات التحكم في تلوث الهواء، والكيانات غير الربحية والخاصة الشريكة لإحدى الكيانات سالفة الذكر في حال كانت تملك أو تدير أو تستعمل منشآت الموانئ. 

المستند الثالث: برنامج الحدّ من انبعاثات الميثان

تلقت وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) تمويلًا قدره 1.55 مليار دولار أمريكي للحدّ من انبعاثات الميثان الصادرة من قطاع النفط والغاز عبر توفير مساعدة مالية (منح وتخفيضات وعقود وقروض وغيرها) ومساعدة فنية، بالإضافة إلى فرض رسوم على انبعاثات النفايات بموجب القانون. تشمل الجهات المؤهلة للحصول على هذه الأموال، على سبيل المثال لا الحصر، وكالات التحكم في تلوث الهواء وغيرها من الوكالات أو الأفراد أو المؤسسات أو المنظمات الحكومية أو الخاصة غير الربحية. ينص البرنامج على وجوب استعمال 700 مليون دولار للأنشطة الجارية في حقول النفط التقليدية الهامشية. يلزم القسم 60113 وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) بفرض رسوم انبعاثات النفايات في حالات انبعاث الميثان من منشآت النفط والغاز التي يسري عليها القانون، والتي تصدر أكثر من 25,000 طن متري من مكافئ ثاني أكسيد الكربون وتتجاوز الحدود التي تسري بموجب القانون بدءًا من عام 2024. تبدأ رسوم انبعاثات النفايات عند 900 دولار ووصولًا إلى 1500 دولار لكل طن متري.

المستند الرابع: تمويل التصدي لتلوث الهواء

تلقت وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) تمويلًا يتجاوز 300 مليون دولار لدعم رسالتها تجاه جودة الهواء عبر الاستثمار في مجموعة من الأنشطة التي ستعزز جهود الرصد في المجتمعات وحولها، وتوسع وتعزز أساليب الرصد الوطنية، وتحسن أساليب الرصد وطاقتها الاستيعابية، وتجعل بيانات الرصد أكثر توفرًا وإفادة للمجتمعات، وتحسن جودة الهواء في مدارس أمتنا. ست من تلك البرامج مُجاز بها بموجب القسم 60105. يحدد هذا القسم مجموعة متنوعة من مقدمي الطلبات المؤهلين، تشمل الأفراد ووكالات التحكم في تلوث الهواء القبلية والمحلية والتابعة للولايات، وغيرها من الوكالات أو المؤسسات أو المنظمات الحكومية أو الخاصة غير الربحية. وقد تلقت وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) أيضًا 50 مليون دولار بموجب القسم 60106 لمواجهة تلوث الهواء في المدارس، خُصص منها 12.5 مليون دولار لتقديم المساعدة الفنية بينما سيُستعمل باقي المبلغ للمنح وغيرها من الأنشطة الهادفة لرصد والحد من تلوث الهواء وانبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة داخل المدارس في المجتمعات المهمشة ومنخفضة الدخل. يشمل مقدمو الطلبات المؤهلون لهذا التمويل الأفراد ووكالات التحكم في تلوث الهواء وغيرها من الوكالات أو المؤسسات أو المنظمات الحكومية أو الخاصة غير الربحية. 

 

المستند الخامس: تمويل تطبيق قانون الابتكار والتصنيع الأمريكي (AIM)

يشمل التمويل 38.5 مليون دولار لتطبيق قانون الابتكار والتصنيع الأمريكي (AIM) لتنفيذ اتفاقية كاليغالي بشأن الهيدروكربونات. وقد خُصص مبلغ 15 مليون دولار من هذا التمويل على شكل منح تنافسية لتكنولوجيات الاسترداد والتدمير الابتكاري، كما خصص 20 مليون دولار للوكالة لتطبيق قانون الابتكار والتصنيع الأمريكي ،(AIM) وخصص 3.5 مليون دولار للوكالة لنشر أدوات الامتثال والتنفيذ الجديدة المرتبطة بقانون الابتكار والتصنيع الأمريكي (AIM).  

 

المستند الخامس: برنامج الكهرباء منخفضة الانبعاثات وإبلاغ الشركات عن الغازات الدفيئة

 

برنامج الكهرباء منخفضة الانبعاثات

يشمل التمويل 87 مليون دولار لتمويل مجموعة متنوعة من الأنشطة من أجل تشجيع التوليد منخفض الانبعاثات للكهرباء عبر توفير التعليم، والمساعدة الفنية، والشراكات مع المستهلكين والمجتمعات المهمشة ومنخفضة الدخل، والصناعة، والحكومات المحلية والقبلية وحكومات الولايات.  

 

 

إبلاغ الشركات عن الغازات الدفيئة

يشمل التمويل 5 مليارات دولار لتعزيز التوحيد القياسي والشفافية على صعيد التزام الشركات بالعمل المناخي وخططها للحدّ من انبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة، وتعزيز الشفافية بشأن التقدم المحرز لتلبية تلك الالتزامات وتنفيذ الخطط، وإحراز تقدم تجاه تلبية تلك الالتزامات وتنفيذ تلك الخطط. 

يتوفر طلب المعلومات (RFI) ومزيد من المعلومات بشأن كيفية ترك الملاحظات على ذلك الموقع الإلكتروني.

نبذة تعريفية

شهد يوم 22 أغسطس إقرار الكونجرس وتوقيع الرئيس بايدن قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) الذي يضخ استثمارات هي الأكبر من نوعها في تاريخ الولايات المتحدة لمكافحة الأزمة المناخية. وسوف يعزز قانون خفض التضخم (IRA) أمن الطاقة في الولايات المتحدة، ويساعد العائلات على توفير تكاليف الطاقة وأدوية الوصفات، ويقلل عجز الميزانية، ويعمل على إيجاد وظائف برواتب جيدة. تلقت وكالة حماية البيئة (EPA) مخصصات بقيمة 41.5 مليار دولار لتطوير ودعم 24 من البرامج القائمة والجديدة التي ترصد وتحد من انبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة وتلوث الهواء، وتحمي الصحة، وتعزز العدالة البيئية. يلتمس طلب المعلومات (RFI) الصادر اليوم مساهمات الجمهور بشأن جزء كبير من تلك البرامج، وسوف تستخدم الوكالة المعلومات الواردة للاسترشاد بها في الخطوات القادمة لوضع تلك الموارد غير المسبوقة أفضل موضع يعود بالنفع على المجتمعات في مختلف أنحاء البلاد.

为应对气候变化、保护公众健康及促进环境正义,EPA 就《降低通货膨胀法案》计划征求公众意见

EPA Air - Fri, 11/04/2022 - 19:00

华盛顿(2022 11 4 日) – 今天,美国国家环境保护局 (EPA) 宣布,将为拜登总统的《降低通货膨胀法案》所资助的一系列新计划和现有计划征求意见,公众将获得初步参与及表达意见的机会。这些计划的作用包括为解决清洁能源、交通、甲烷排放和气候超级污染物的空气质量项目和气候项目提供资金,将推动总统为应对气候危机、保护公众健康及促进环境正义而提出的宏伟计划。 

EPA 空气和辐射办公室首席副助理署长 Joseph Goffman 说:“《降低通货膨胀法案》为州、部落、社区和组织提供了前所未有的机会,有助于在保护人类和地球免受空气污染和气候变化的影响方面持续取得进展。我们热切希望那些与这些工作成功与否休戚相关的人参与进来,在接下来几个月里从对话中汲取到的经验和智慧及所收到的反馈,将为我们接下来的行动提供指导。”

EPA 鼓励公众参与这些计划的策略包括:

今天,EPA 发布了一份信息请求,对多个《降低通货膨胀法案》计划的核心设计部分征求公众意见。该法案为 EPA 提供的资金达到历史最高水平,这份信息请求是 EPA 落实这些资金的关键第一步。通过这些初步的参与行动,EPA 将确保计划的设计和实施能够反映出广大利益相关者联盟的意见,从而保证这一历史性的投资所带来的经济和环境效益能够惠及所有人,尤其是那些在环境、社会和经济领域遭受不公待遇、承受最重负担的人群。

该信息请求为公众提供了背景信息和问题,供他们在提出意见时参考。EPA 将收集和整理在六个公开卷宗(在法律上与《降低通货膨胀法案》的规定相对应)中收到的关于信息请求的信息。此外,在实施该法案的过程中,EPA 还将继续调动广泛的公众参与。

鼓励公众对六个公开卷宗进行审查并提出意见 

 卷宗 1:气候污染减排拨款  

EPA 获得了 50 亿美元的资金,用以支持州、空气污染控制机构、部落和地方政府,帮助他们制定和实施强有力的气候污染减排战略。这些符合条件的实体可以先申请计划拨款,然后再申请拨款来实施这些计划。

 卷宗 2:交通计划   

EPA 获得了 40 亿美元资金,用于帮助交通部门减排的两个新计划。第一个计划是重型车辆清洁计划。该计划将投资 10 亿美元,用于支付使用清洁重型车辆来替换非清洁的重型车辆、部署支持性基础设施,和/或培训和培养必要劳动力。其中必须至少有 4 亿美元用于不符合国家空气质量标准的地区。各州、市、印第安部落、非营利性学校交通协会以及合格的承包商均可申请。  

第二个计划将提供 30 亿美元的拨款,用于减少港口的空气污染,其中至少 7.5 亿美元要用于不符合空气质量标准的地区。可以使用这些资金从事一系列的活动,包括购买和安装零排放的港口设备和技术,支付规划和许可相关费用,以及制定达标气候行动计划。符合条件的实体包括:港务局;任何对港务局有管辖权的州、区域、地方或部落机构;空气污染控制机构;以及与上述机构合作并拥有、经营或使用港口设施的非营利组织和私营实体。 

 卷宗 3:甲烷减排计划  

EPA 获得了 15.5 亿美元,用于减少石油和天然气行业甲烷排放。EPA 将为其提供财政援助(拨款、退税、合同、贷款和其他活动)及技术援助,并征收法定的废物排放费。符合条件的资金申请者包括但不限于空气污染控制机构、其他公共或非营利私人机构、单位、组织和个人。该计划规定,至少 7 亿美元要用于针对边缘常规油井开展的活动。第 60113 条还要求,从 2024 年开始,对于排放超过 25000 公吨二氧化碳当量,且超过法定废物排放阈值的适用石油和天然气设施,EPA 将对其排放的甲烷征收废物排放费。废物排放费最低标准为 900 美元每公吨,最高可提高至 1500 美元每公吨。

 卷宗 4:为解决空气污染问题拨付资金  

EPA 获得了超过 3 亿美元的资金,用以支持其空气质量任务。通过投资一系列活动,EPA 将增加社区内以及社区负责的监测,扩展和加强国家监测方法,改进监测方法和能力,使社区更容易获得用处更大的检测数据,并改善美国学校的空气质量。其中六个计划根据第 60105 条获得授权。这一条确定了范围广泛的合格申请人,包括个人、州、地方和部落空气污染控制机构,以及其他公共或非营利性私人机构、单位和组织。根据第 60106 条,EPA 还获得了 5000 万美元的资金,用于解决学校的空气污染问题,其中 1250 万美元用于提供技术援助,其余则通过拨款和其他活动的方式,用于帮助位于低收入和弱势社区的学校监测并减少空气污染及温室气体排放。这一资金的合格申请人包括个人、空气污染控制机构、其他公共非营利私人机构、单位和组织。  

卷宗 5:为《美国创新和制造法案》(简称《AIM 法案》)的实施提供资金

包括 3850 万美元的资金,用以实施《AIM 法案》以执行关于氢氟碳化合物的基加利协议。在这笔资金中,1500 万美元将用于为回收和创新销毁技术提供有竞争力的新拨款,2000 万美元供 EPA 实施《AIM 法案》,350 万美元用于针对《AIM 法案》部署新的设施和合规工具。    

卷宗 6:低排放电力计划和温室气体企业报告  

低排放电力计划

包括 8700 万美元的资金,用于资助鼓励低排放发电的各种活动,活动方式包括教育、技术援助以及与消费者、低收入和弱势社区、行业以及州、地方和部落政府建立伙伴关系。     

温室气体企业报告

包括 500 万美元的资金,用于提高企业气候行动承诺和温室气体减排计划的标准化程度和透明度,提高履行此类承诺和实施此类计划的进度的透明度,并推动此类承诺的履行和此类计划的实施。 

如需了解信息请求以及关于如何提交意见的更多信息,请访问此网站

背景

2022 年 8 月,国会通过了《降低通货膨胀方案》,该法案经拜登总统签署成为法律。根据该法案,美国将进行历史上应对气候危机的最大投资。《降低通货膨胀法案》将加强美国的能源安全、帮助家庭节省在能源和处方药的开销,降低赤字并创造高薪工作岗位。EPA 获得了 415 亿美元的拨款,用于制定和支持 24 个新项目和现有项目,以便监测和降低温室气体排放和空气污染,保护公众健康并推动环境正义。今天的信息请求针对以上内容中的重点部分征求公众意见,EPA 将使用收集来的信息指导下一步行动,将这些历史性资源用到可以在全国各个社区发挥最大作用的地方。 

EPA Tìm ý kiến đóng góp của cộng đồng về các Chương trình của Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát để chống lại biến đổi khí hậu, bảo vệ sức khỏe và thúc đẩy công lý môi trường

EPA Air - Fri, 11/04/2022 - 19:00

WASHINGTON (ngày 4 tháng 11 năm 2022) - Hôm nay, Cơ quan Bảo vệ Môi trường Hoa Kỳ (EPA) đã công bố sự tham gia ban đầu của cộng đồng và các cơ hội đóng góp ý kiến cho một nhóm nhỏ các chương trình mới và hiện có do Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát của Tổng thống Biden tài trợ. Các chương trình này, bao gồm tài trợ cho các dự án chất lượng không khí và các dự án khí hậu giải quyết năng lượng sạch, giao thông vận tải, phát thải khí mê-tan và các chất siêu ô nhiễm khí hậu, sẽ thúc đẩy chương trình nghị sự táo bạo của Tổng thống nhằm chống lại khủng hoảng khí hậu, bảo vệ sức khỏe cộng đồng và thúc đẩy công lý môi trường.  

“Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát cung cấp cho các tiểu bang, bộ lạc, cộng đồng và tổ chức cơ hội chưa từng có để đạt được tiến bộ lâu dài nhằm bảo vệ một cách công bằng cho con người và hành tinh khỏi ô nhiễm không khí và biến đổi khí hậu,” Joseph Goffman, Phó Trợ lý Quản trị viên Chính cho Văn phòng Không khí và Bức xạ của EPA cho biết. “Chúng tôi mong muốn được tương tác với tất cả những ai lưu tâm đến sự thành công của những nỗ lực này và các bước tiếp theo của chúng tôi sẽ được hướng dẫn bởi sự khôn ngoan và kinh nghiệm từ các cuộc trò chuyện chúng tôi có và phản hồi mà chúng tôi nhận được trong vài tháng tới.” 

Chiến lược tương tác của EPA cho các chương trình này bao gồm:

  • Yêu cầu thông tin (RFI): Đưa ra yêu cầu ý kiến đóng góp của công chúng để cung cấp thông tin về thiết kế chương trình;
  • Ý kiến của chuyên gia: Thu hút ý kiến ​​chuyên gia về các câu hỏi thiết kế chương trình chính từ các Ủy ban Cố vấn Liên bang của EPA bao gồm Ủy ban Cố vấn Chính quyền Địa phương, Ủy ban Cố vấn Đạo luật Không khí Sạch và Ủy ban Tư vấn Công lý Môi trường Quốc gia;
  • Phiên lắng nghe ý kiến: Phát động loạt các phiên lắng nghe ý kiến của các bên liên quan để tạo điều kiện cho các bên liên quan chính bao gồm các cộng đồng công lý môi trường, chính quyền tiểu bang và địa phương, những người ủng hộ năng lượng sạch, lao động và những người khác đóng góp ý kiến trực tiếp cho nhân viên EPA; và
  • Trang web mới: Tạo ra một  chặng dừng tổng hợp để biết cách thực hiện các chương trình của Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát do Văn phòng Không khí và Bức xạ của EPA quản lý 

Hôm nay, EPA đã công bố Yêu cầu cung cấp thông tin (RFI) nhằm lấy ý kiến ​​công chúng về các khía cạnh thiết kế cốt lõi của nhiều chương trình Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát, một bước quan trọng đầu tiên khi Cơ quan làm việc để thực hiện các mức tài trợ lịch sử từ luật này. Những cam kết ban đầu này sẽ giúp đảm bảo việc thiết kế và thực hiện các chương trình phản ánh ý kiến đóng góp từ một liên minh rộng lớn các bên liên quan để đảm bảo toàn bộ lợi ích kinh tế và môi trường của khoản đầu tư lịch sử này được thực hiện bởi tất cả mọi người, đặc biệt là những người chịu nhiều gánh nặng nhất về môi trường, xã hội, và bất công kinh tế. 

RFI cung cấp thông tin cơ bản và các câu hỏi để công chúng xem xét khi họ cung cấp ý kiến đóng góp. EPA sẽ thu thập và sắp xếp thông tin nhận được trên RFI trong sáu docket công cộng tương ứng với các quy định của Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát theo luật. Ngoài ra, cơ quan này sẽ tiếp tục cho công chúng tham gia rộng rãi khi cơ quan này hoạt động để thực hiện luật. 

Công chúng được khuyến khích đánh giá và bình luận trong sáu docket công cộng 

DOCKET 1: Trợ cấp Giảm thiểu Ô nhiễm Khí hậu 

EPA đã nhận được 5 tỷ đô la để hỗ trợ các bang, cơ quan kiểm soát ô nhiễm không khí, các Bộ lạc và chính quyền địa phương phát triển và thực hiện các chiến lược giảm thiểu mạnh mẽ nạn ô nhiễm khí hậu . Các thực thể đủ điều kiện này có thể nộp đơn xin tài trợ lập kế hoạch và sau đó xin tài trợ để thực hiện các kế hoạch đó. 

DOCKET 2: Các chương trình vận chuyển   

EPA đã nhận được 4 tỷ đô la cho hai chương trình mới nhằm giảm phát thải từ lĩnh vực vận tải. Chương trình đầu tiên là chương trình Xe hạng nặng Sạch sẽ đầu tư 1 tỷ đô la để giúp trang trải chi phí thay thế các loại xe hạng nặng bẩn bằng những chiếc xe thay thế sạch, triển khai cơ sở hạ tầng hỗ trợ, và/hoặc đào tạo và phát triển lực lượng lao động cần thiết. Phải dành ra ít nhất 400 triệu đô la cho các khu vực không đáp ứng các tiêu chuẩn sức khỏe về chất lượng không khí quốc gia. Việc làm đơn xin được mở ra cho các tiểu bang, thành phố tự trị, bộ lạc da đỏ, hiệp hội vận tải trường học phi lợi nhuận và các nhà thầu đủ điều kiện.   

Chương trình thứ hai sẽ cung cấp 3 tỷ đô la tài trợ để giảm ô nhiễm không khí tại các cảng với ít nhất 750 triệu đô la cho các khu vực không đạt tiêu chuẩn chất lượng không khí. Các khoản tiền này có thể được sử dụng cho một loạt các hoạt động bao gồm mua và lắp đặt thiết bị và công nghệ cảng không phát thải, trang trải các chi phí liên quan của việc lập kế hoạch và cấp phép cũng như phát triển các kế hoạch hành động về khí hậu đủ điều kiện. Các đối tượng đủ điều kiện bao gồm chính quyền cảng; bất kỳ cơ quan tiểu bang, khu vực, địa phương hoặc bộ lạc nào có thẩm quyền đối với chính quyền cảng; các cơ quan kiểm soát ô nhiễm không khí; và các tổ chức phi lợi nhuận và các tổ chức tư nhân hợp tác với các tổ chức trên và sở hữu, vận hành hoặc sử dụng các công trình cảng.  

DOCKET 3: Chương trình giảm phát thải khí mêtan 

EPA đã nhận được 1,55 tỷ đô la để giảm phát thải khí mêtan từ lĩnh vực dầu khí bằng cách cung cấp hỗ trợ tài chính (trợ cấp, giảm giá, hợp đồng, khoản vay và các hoạt động khác) và hỗ trợ kỹ thuật cũng như thực hiện việc tính phí phát tán chất thải bắt buộc theo luật định. Những người nhận đủ điều kiện cho các quỹ này bao gồm, nhưng không giới hạn ở, các cơ quan, viện, tổ chức và cá nhân công hoặc tư nhân vô vụ lợi kiểm soát ô nhiễm không khí khác. Chương trình quy định rằng ít nhất 700 triệu đô la phải được sử dụng cho các hoạt động tại các giếng thông thường ngoài lề. Mục 60113 cũng yêu cầu EPA thực hiện thu phí phát thải khí mêtan thải ra từ các cơ sở dầu khí hiện hành thải ra hơn 25.000 tấn CO2e và vượt quá ngưỡng phát thải theo luật định bắt đầu từ năm 2024. Phí tính cho việc phát tán chất thải sẽ bắt đầu từ 900 đô la và tăng lên 1.500 đô la cho mỗi tấn. 

Docket 4: Tài trợ để giải quyết ô nhiễm không khí 

EPA đã nhận được hơn 300 triệu đô la tài trợ để hỗ trợ sứ mệnh chất lượng không khí của cơ quan này bằng cách đầu tư vào một loạt các hoạt động sẽ tăng cường giám sát trong và bởi cộng đồng, mở rộng và tăng cường các phương pháp giám sát quốc gia, cải thiện các phương pháp và năng lực giám sát, làm cho dữ liệu giám sát trở nên sẵn có và hữu ích hơn cho cộng đồng, và cải thiện chất lượng không khí trong các trường học của quốc gia chúng ta. Sáu trong số các chương trình này được ủy quyền theo Mục 60105. Phần này quy định một loạt các ứng viên đủ điều kiện bao gồm các cá nhân, cơ quan kiểm soát ô nhiễm không khí của tiểu bang, địa phương và Bộ lạc, và các cơ quan, tổ chức và cơ quan tư nhân công cộng hoặc phi lợi nhuận khác EPA cũng nhận được 50 triệu đô la trong Mục 60106 để giải quyết ô nhiễm không khí tại các trường học với 12,5 triệu đô la dành riêng cho việc cung cấp hỗ trợ kỹ thuật và phần còn lại dành cho các khoản tài trợ và các hoạt động khác để giám sát và giảm ô nhiễm không khí và phát thải khí nhà kính tại các trường học ở các cộng đồng có thu nhập thấp và có hoàn cảnh khó khăn. Những người nộp đơn đủ điều kiện cho khoản tài trợ này bao gồm các cá nhân, cơ quan kiểm soát ô nhiễm không khí và các cơ quan, viện và tổ chức tư nhân công cộng phi lợi nhuận khác.   

Docket 5: Tài trợ cho việc Thực hiện Đạo luật Sản xuất và Đổi mới Hoa Kỳ (AIM) 

Kinh phí bao gồm 38,5 triệu đô la để thực hiện Đạo luật AIM nhằm thực hiện Thỏa thuận Kigali về hydrofluorocarbon. Trong số tài trợ này, 15 triệu đô la dành cho các khoản tài trợ cạnh tranh mới cho các công nghệ thu hồi và tiêu hủy sáng tạo, 20 triệu đô la dành riêng cho EPA để thực hiện Đạo luật AIM và 3,5 triệu đô la dành riêng cho EPA để triển khai các công cụ thực hiện và tuân thủ mới cho Đạo luật AIM .    

Docket 6: Chương trình điện phát thải thấp & Báo cáo doanh nghiệp GHG  

Chương trình điện phát thải thấp

Tài trợ bao gồm 87 triệu đô la để tài trợ cho một loạt các hoạt động nhằm khuyến khích sản xuất điện phát thải thấp thông qua giáo dục, hỗ trợ kỹ thuật và quan hệ đối tác với người tiêu dùng, cộng đồng có thu nhập thấp và có hoàn cảnh khó khăn, ngành công nghiệp và các chính quyền tiểu bang, địa phương và Bộ lạc.     

Báo cáo Doanh nghiệp GHG

Tài trợ bao gồm 5 triệu đô la để tăng cường tiêu chuẩn hóa và minh bạch hóa các cam kết và kế hoạch hành động khí hậu của doanh nghiệp nhằm giảm phát thải khí nhà kính, nâng cao tính minh bạch về tiến độ đạt được các cam kết đó và thực hiện các kế hoạch đó, đồng thời đạt được tiến bộ trong việc đáp ứng các cam kết đó và thực hiện các kế hoạch đó. 

RFI và thông tin thêm về cách bình luận có sẵn tại trang web này

Tiểu sử

Vào tháng 8 năm 2022, Quốc hội đã thông qua và Tổng thống Biden đã ký Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát thành luật, tạo ra khoản đầu tư lớn nhất để chống lại cuộc khủng hoảng khí hậu trong lịch sử Hoa Kỳ. Đạo luật Giảm lạm phát sẽ tăng cường an ninh năng lượng của Hoa Kỳ, giúp các gia đình tiết kiệm tiền cho chi phí năng lượng và thuốc kê đơn, giảm thâm hụt và tạo việc làm có thu nhập tốt. EPA đã nhận được 41,5 tỷ USD trích lập để phát triển và hỗ trợ 24 chương trình mới và hiện có nhằm giám sát và giảm phát thải khí nhà kính và ô nhiễm không khí, bảo vệ sức khỏe và thúc đẩy công lý môi trường. RFI của hôm nay tìm các ý kiến ​​đóng góp của công chúng trên một phần đáng kể trong tổng số này và cơ quan này sẽ sử dụng thông tin nhận được để hướng dẫn các bước tiếp theo nhằm cung cấp các nguồn tài nguyên lịch sử này đến nơi họ có thể làm những điều tốt nhất cho cộng đồng trên khắp đất nước. 

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